Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Women as Agent of Social Inclusion: Experience of the Women of a Local Belief Community in Salamrejo Village

Dewi Komalasari

Abstract

Minority religious groups are vulnerable towards discrimination and social exclusion. Social exclusion is a multidimensional phenomenon that is closely related to the denial of the enjoyment of civil and political rights as well as economic and socio-cultural rights. Social exclusion also excludes the excluded people from development process in the village. This article discusses the social exclusion experienced by community of local belief’s groups, the Association of Eklasing Budi Murko (PEBM) in Salamrejo village, in Kulon Progo, Special Autonomy of Yogyakarta. The economic empowerment approach has been used to promote inclusion among communities in the village. The establishment of Cooperative Business Group (KUBE) and also other economic works have encouraged women’s role as agent for social inclusion. Business activities established by PEBM have opened room for interaction between women from local belief’s community with other women in the village. 

Keywords

social exclusion; social inclusion; local belief followers; women’s empowerment; women’s agency

Full Text:

PDF PDF-Eng

References

Allman, Dan 2013, “The Sociology of Social Inclusion” dalam SAGE OPEN, January-March 2013: 1–16, Sage Pub.

Badan Pusat Statistik 2019, Sensus Penduduk 2010, diakses pada 5 Desember 2019, https://sp2010.bps.go.id/index.php/site/ tabel?tid=321&wid=0.

De Haan, A 1998, “Social exclusion: An alternative concept for the study of deprivation?”, IDS Bulletin, 29, h.10–19.

Agatha Dian, L et al. 2016, Salam Kemakmuran dari Bantaran Kali Progo, Melacak Sejarah Desa Salamrejo, Yayasan LKiS, Yogyakarta.

Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan 2019, Kemendikbud Gelar Sarasehan Nasional Penghayat Kepercayaan Terhadap Tuhan YME, diakses pada 5 Desember 2019, https://kebudayaan.kemdikbud. go.id/ditkt/kliping-budaya-kemendikbud-gelar-sarasehannasional-penghayat-kepercayaan-terhadap-tuhan-yme-2/

Gidley J, Hampson G, Wheeler L and Bereded-Samuel, E 2010, “Social inclusion: Context, theory and practice”, The Australasian Journal of University-Community Engagement, vol. 5, no. 1, h. 6-36.

Gore, C & Figueiredo, JB 1997, “Social exclusion and anti-poverty policy: a debate”, International Institute for Labour Studies Research and United Nations Development Programme, research series 110, Geneva, International Labour Organisation.

Human Rights Watch 2013, Atas Nama Agama: Pelanggaran terhadap Minoritas Agama di Indonesia, Human Rights Watch.

Kabeer, N 2001, “Reflection on the Measurement of Women’s Empowerment: Theory and Practice”, Sida Studies No. 3.

Mishra, NK & Tripathi, T 2011, “Conceptualizing Women’s Agency, Autonomy and Empowerment”, Economic & Political Weekly Vol. 46, No. 11 (March 12-18, 2011), h. 58-65).

Program PEDULI 2015a, 1st Annual Report, The Asia Foundation.

Program PEDULI 2015b, Bi-Annual Report, The Asia Foundation.

Program PEDULI 2016, Understanding Social Exclusion In Indonesia, A meta-analysis of Program Peduli’s Theory of Change documents, The Asia Foundation.

Program PEDULI 2017a, 2nd Bi-Annual Report, The Asia Foundation.

Program Peduli 2017b, Midterm Review Pengarusutamaan Kesetaraan Gender, TAF

Program PEDULI 2018, Bi-Annual Report, The Asia Foundation.

Program PEDULI 2019, Policy Brief: Pasca Kebahagiaan Konstitusional Warga Penghayat di Mahkamah Konstitusi RI, Mengapa Warga Penghayat Masih Minim Mengakses Layanan Publik? (Studi Kasus Provinsi DIY), The Asia Foundation, Satunama & LKiS. Rahmi, Nadya 2019, “Keadilan bagi Penghayat Kepercayaan” dalam https://programpeduli.org/blog/keadilan-bagi-penghayatkepercayaan/ diakses 14 November 2019.

Rawal, Nabin 2008, “Social Inclusion and Exclusion: A Review” dalam Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.2 pp. 161-180.

Satunama 2017, Most Significant Change Q3 October – December 2017, Satunama.

Satunama 2018, PEBM di Salamrejo: Narasi Perubahan dari Bantaran Kali Progo, Yayasan Satunama.

Sen, A 1999, Development as Freedom, Oxford University Press.

Wardani, Nila 2019, Laporan Kaji Ulang Pengarusutamaan Gender – Transpuan, Program PEDULI, TAF.

Young, IM 2000. “Five faces of oppression” dalam Adams, M. (ed.) Readings for Diversity and Social Justice, New York, Routledge.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.