Gender-Responsive Budget Analysis on Social Protection Programs in Indonesia: A Case Study in Two Districts and A City


Gender-Responsive Budget
Social Protection Program
Gunungkidul District
North Lombok District
Padang City
Budget Analysis


Presidential Instruction (Inpres) No. 9 of 2000 about Gender Mainstreaming is a mechanism to in National Development has impacts on the planning and implementation of public policy in Indonesia. Public policy becomes an important arena for the struggle to realize gender equality and justice. One of the government’s commitments to this matter can be seen through Gender-Responsive Budgeting (GRB). This study analyses gender responsive budgeting in social protection programs in Indonesia, with case studies in three regions, namely Gunungkidul Regency, North Lombok Regency, and Padang City. Data collection is carried out by in-depth interviews and literature studies, including the Indonesian Budget and Regional Government Budget documents. This study conducted GRB analysis in three regions with three categories of budget expenditure analysis, namely specifically identified gender-based expenditure, equal employment opportunity expenditure, and mainstream budget expenditure. The results of the study show that in several regions there have been gender-responsive specific budget allocations for affirmation programs for women, children, the elderly, and dissability. However, it can be seen that the budget and gender-specific expenditure are still centralized in services that are identical to women's affairs, and not yet mainstreamed in all of the budget allocation.


AIPEG 2017, Women’s Economic Participation in Indonesia: A study of gender inequality in employment, entrepreneurship, and key enablers for change, Monash University, Australia.

Budlender, D & Guy, H 2003, Engendering Budgets: A Practitioners’ Guide to Understanding and Implementing Gender-Responsive Budgets, The Commonwealth Secretariat, UK.

BPS 2017, Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2016,

Conway, MM, Ahern, DW & Steuernagel GA 2005, Women and Public Policy, CQ Press, Washington DC.

Djani, L 2017, “Program Kesejahteraan Jokowi”, Kompas, 22 Desember,

Direktorat Jenderal Anggaran Kementerian Keuangan. 2018.

Dokumen APBN Tahun Anggaran 2016-2018.

Dokumen APBD Kabupaten Gunungkidul Tahun 2016-2018.

Dokumen APBD Kabupaten Lombok Utara Tahun 2016-2018.

Dokumen APBD Kota Padang tahun 2016-2018.

KAPAL Perempuan 2016, Gerakan Gender Watch Mengakhiri Kemiskinan,

KPPA 2016, Pembangunan Manusia Berbasis Gender 2016,

Knapp, M 1984, The Economics of Social Care, MacMillan Publishers Ltd, New York.

UNICEF 2012, UNICEF Indonesia Issue Brief: Maternal and Child Health,

UN Women 2018, Gender-Responsive Budgeting in Asia and The Pasific: Key Concepts and Good Practices, Responsive_Budgeting.pdf

WHO 2015, Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2015. World Health Organization, Switzerland.

All Writen material, unless otherwise stated, is the copyright of Jurnal Perempuan. View expressed in articles and letter are those of the contributors, and not neccasarily those of publisher.